YAN Yunwei, LING Zheng, CHEN Changlin. Winter coastal upwelling off northwest Borneo in the South China Sea[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2015, 34(1): 3-10. doi: 10.1007/s13131-015-0590-2
Citation: YAN Yunwei, LING Zheng, CHEN Changlin. Winter coastal upwelling off northwest Borneo in the South China Sea[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2015, 34(1): 3-10. doi: 10.1007/s13131-015-0590-2

Winter coastal upwelling off northwest Borneo in the South China Sea

doi: 10.1007/s13131-015-0590-2
  • Received Date: 2014-03-03
  • Rev Recd Date: 2014-04-18
  • Winter coastal upwelling off northwest Borneo in the South China Sea (SCS) is investigated by using satellite data, climatological temperature and salinity fields and reanalysis data. The upwelling forms in december, matures in January, starts to decay in February and almost disappears in March. Both Ekman transport induced by the alongshore winter monsoon and Ekman pumping due to orographic wind stress curl are favorable for the upwelling. Transport estimates demonstrate that the month-to-month variability of Ekman transport and Ekman pumping are both consistent with that of winter coastal upwelling, but Ekman transport is two times larger than Ekman pumping in January and February. Under the influence of El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), the upwelling shows remarkable interannual variability: during winter of El Niño (La Niña) years, an anticyclonic (a cyclonic) wind anomaly is established in the SCS, which behaves a northeasterly (southwesterly) anomaly and a positive (negative) wind stress curl anomaly off the northwest Borneo coast, enhancing (reducing) the upwelling and causing anomalous surface cooling (warming) and higher (lower) chlorophyll concentration. The sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) associated with ENSO off the northwest Borneo coast has an opposite phase to that off southeast Vietnam, resulting in a SSTA seesaw pattern in the southern SCS in winter.
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