SHEN Zhiliang, YAO Yun, WU Yulin. Silica supply and diatom blooms in the Jiaozhou Bay, China[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2016, 35(10): 20-27. doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0917-7
Citation: SHEN Zhiliang, YAO Yun, WU Yulin. Silica supply and diatom blooms in the Jiaozhou Bay, China[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2016, 35(10): 20-27. doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0917-7

Silica supply and diatom blooms in the Jiaozhou Bay, China

doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0917-7
  • Received Date: 2015-12-30
  • Rev Recd Date: 2016-07-07
  • The variations in nutrients (molar ratios) and chlorophyll a in the Jiaozhou Bay were examined before and after a diatom bloom in a period that lasted from November 2003 to March 2004. Negative relationships between nutrient concentrations, Si/P, Si/N ratios and chlorophyll a content were found during the bloom, which reflected the relationship between nutrient concentrations, phytoplankton biomass and growth. Large increase in nutrient concentrations, particularly SiO3-Si after the late autumn, is one of major reasons inducing the diatom bloom in winter, and the bloom was finally controlled due to SiO3-Si depletion by phytoplankton. The bloom was mainly controlled by SiO3-Si. Before 1998, relatively low level of SiO3-Si kept ecological balance of eutrophication waters in the Jiaozhou Bay. In recent years, however, human activities have increased SiO3-Si concentration, which is likely one of the primary cause for the increased diatom blooms in the Jiaozhou Bay. Therefore, it is necessary to control SiO3-Si concentration in the Jiaozhou Bay.
  • loading
  • Brown E J, Button D K. 1979. Phosphate-limited growth kinetics of Selenastrum capricornutum (Chlorophyceae). Journal of Phy-cology, 15(3):305-311
    Brzezinski M A. 1985. The Si:C:N ratio of marine diatoms:interspe-cific variability and the effect of some environmental variables. Journal of Phycology, 21(3):347-357
    Cloern J E. 1987. Turbidity as a control on phytoplankton biomass and productivity in estuaries. Continental Shelf Research, 7(11-12):1367-1381
    Conley D J, Malone T C. 1992. Annual cycle of dissolved silicate in Chesapeake Bay:implications for the production and fate of phytoplankton biomass. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 81:121-128
    Correll D L, Jordan T E, Weller D E. 2000. Beaver pond biogeochemic-al effects in the Maryland Coastal Plain. Biogeochemistry, 49(3):217-239
    Domingues R B, Barbosa A, Galvão H. 2005. Nutrients, light and phytoplankton succession in a temperate estuary (the Guadi-ana, south-western Iberia). Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Sci-ence, 64(2-3):249-260
    Dugdale R C, Wilkerson F P. 1998. Silicate regulation of new produc-tion in the equatorial Pacific upwelling. Nature, 391(6664):270-273
    Flynn K J. 2002. How critical is the critical N:P ratio?. Journal of Phy-cology, 38(5):961-970
    Goldman J C, Glibert P M. 1983. Kinetics of inorganic nitrogen up-take by phytoplankton. In:Carpenter E J, Capone D G, eds. Ni-trogen in the Marine Environment. New York:Academic Press, 233-274
    Hallegraeff G M. 1993. A review of harmful algal blooms and their ap-parent global increase. Phycologia, 32(2):79-99
    Hodgkiss I J, Chan B S S. 1987. Phytoplankton dynamics in Tolo Har-bour. In:Morton B, ed. Asian Marine Biology 4. Hong Kong:Hong Kong University Press, 103-112
    Hodgkiss I J, Ho K C. 1997. Are changes in N:P ratios in coastal wa-ters the key to increased red tide blooms?. Hydrobiologia, 352(1-3):141-147
    Humborg C, Conley D J, Rahm L, et al. 2000. Silicon retention in river basins:far-reaching effects on biogeochemistry and aquatic food webs in coastal marine environments. AMBIO, 29(1):45-50
    Huo Wenyi, Yu Zhiming, Zou Jingzhong, et al. 2001. Outbreak of Skel-etonema costatum red tide and its relations to environmental factors in Jiaozhou Bay. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica (in Chinese), 32(3):311-318
    Jeffery S W, Humphrey G F. 1975. New spectrophotometric equations for determining chlorophylls a, b, c1 and c2 in higher plants, al-gae and natural phytoplankton. Biochemie und Physiologie der Pflanzen, 167:191-194
    Justić D, Rabalais N N, Turner R E, et al. 1995. Changes in nutrient structure of river-dominated coastal waters:stoichiometric nu-trient balance and its consequences. Estuarine, Coastal and shelf Science, 40(3):339-356
    Liu Dongyan, Sun Jun, Zou Jingzhong, et al. 2005. Phytoplankton suc-cession during a red tide of Skeletonema costatum in Jiaozhou Bay of China. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 50(1):91-94
    Nelson D M, Brzezinski A. 1990. Kinetics of silicic acid uptake by nat-ural diatom assemblages in two Gulf & Stream warm-core rings. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 62:283-292
    Paerl H W. 1988. Nuisance phytoplankton blooms in coastal, estuar-ine, and inland waters. Limnology and Oceanography, 33(4 Part 2):823-843
    Paerl H W. 1997. Coastal eutrophication and harmful algal blooms:importance of atmospheric deposition and groundwater as "new" nitrogen and other nutrient sources. Limnology and Oceanography, 42(5 Part 2):1154-1165
    Perry M J, Eppley R W. 1981. Phosphate uptake by phytoplankton in the central North Pacific Ocean. Deep-Sea Research, 28:39-49
    Redfield A C, Ketchum B H, Richards F A. 1963. The influence of or-ganisms on the composition of sea-water. In:Hill N, ed. The Sea. vol 2. New York:John Wiley, 26-77
    Reynolds C S. 1989. Physical determinants of phytoplankton succes-sion. In:Sommer U, ed. Plankton Ecology. Berlin Heidelberg:Springer-Verlag, 9-56
    Rousseau V, Leynaert A, Daoud N, et al. 2002. Diatom succession, si-licification and silicic acid availability in Belgian coastal waters (Southern North Sea). Marine Ecology Progress Series, 236:61-73
    SCOR-UNESCO. 1966. Determination of photosynthetic pigments in seawater. Monographs on Oceanographic Methodology I. Par-is:UNESCO, 1-69
    Shen Zhiliang. 2001. Historical Changes in Nutrient Structure and its influences on Phytoplantkon composition in Jiaozhou Bay. Es-tuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 52(2):211-224
    Shen Zhiliang, Liu Qun, Wu Yulin, et al. 2006. Nutrient structure of seawater and ecological responses in Jiaozhou Bay, China. Es-tuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 69(1-2):299-307
    Smayda T J. 1989. Primary production and the global epidemic of phytoplankton blooms in the sea:a linkage? In:Cospe E M, Bricelj V M, Carpenter E J, eds. Novel Phytoplankton Blooms. Berlin Heidelberg:Springer, 449-483
    Smayda T J. 1990. Novel and nuisance phytoplankton blooms in the sea:evidence for a global epidemic. In:Granéli E, Sundstr.m B, Edler R, et al., eds. Toxic Marine Phytoplankton. New York:El-sevier Science, 29-40
    Sun Xiaoxia, Sun Song, Wu Yulin, et al. 2011a. Long-term changes of phytoplankton community structure in the Jiaozhou Bay. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica (in Chinese), 42(5):639-646
    Sun Xiaoxia, Sun Song, Zhao Zengxia, et al. 2011b. Long-term changes in nutrient concentration and structure in the Jiaozhou Bay. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica (in Chinese), 42(5):662-669
    Turner R E, Rabalais N N, Justic D, et al. 2003. Future aquatic nutri-ent limitations. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 46(8):1032-1034
    Wang Xiulin, Li Keqiang, Shi Xiaoyong. 2006. Marine Environmental Capacity of Pollutants in Jiaozhou Bay (in Chinese). Beijing:Science Press, 1-22
    Wu Yulin, Sun Song, Zhang Yongshan. 2005. Long-term change of en-vironment and it's influence on phytoplankton community structure in Jiaozhou Bay. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica (in Chinese), 36(6):487-498
    Wu Yulin, Sun Song, Zhang Yongshan, et al. 2004. Quantitative study on long-term variation of phytoplankton in Jiaozhou Bay. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica (in Chinese), 35(6):518-523
    Yao Yun, Shen Zhiliang. 2006. Characteristic of nutrient and its struc-ture in Jaozhou Bay. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica (in Chinese), 37(S):339-347
    Yao Yun, Zheng Shiqing, Shen Zhiliang. 2007. Study on the mechan-ism of eutrophication in the Jiaozhou Bay. Marine Science Bul-letin (in Chinese), 26(4):91-98
    Yin Kedong, Qian Peiyuan, Wu M C S, et al. 2001. Shift from P to N limitation of phytoplankton growth across the Pearl river estu-arine plume during summer. Marine Ecology Progress Series,221:17-28
    Zhang Yongshan, Wu Yulin, Zou Jingzhong, et al. 2002. A red tide caused by diatom Eucampia zoodiacus in the Jiaozhou Bay. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica (in Chinese), 33(1):55-61
    Zhao Liang, Wei Hao, Zhao Jianzhong. 2002. Numerical study on wa-ter exchange in Jiaozhou Bay. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sin-ica (in Chinese), 33(1):23-29
    Zhou Mingjiang, Shen Zhiliang, Yu Rencheng. 2008. Responses of a coastal phytoplankton community to the increased of nutrient input from the Changjiang (Yangtze) River. Continental Shelf Research, 28(12):1483-1489
    Zhou Mingjiang, Yan Tian, Zou Jingzhong. 2003. Preliminary analys-is of the characteristics of red tide areas in Changjiang River es-tuary and its adjacent sea. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology (in Chinese), 14(7):1031-1038
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌,
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Article Metrics

    Article views (755) PDF downloads(720) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint