Volume 40 Issue 11
Nov.  2021
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Meiqi Zhang, Shuangwen Sun, Lin Liu, Yongcan Zu, Lin Feng. Decadal variation of thermocline-sea surface temperature feedback in the tropical Indian Ocean and the underlying mechanisms[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2021, 40(11): 31-38. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1950-8
Citation: Meiqi Zhang, Shuangwen Sun, Lin Liu, Yongcan Zu, Lin Feng. Decadal variation of thermocline-sea surface temperature feedback in the tropical Indian Ocean and the underlying mechanisms[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2021, 40(11): 31-38. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1950-8

Decadal variation of thermocline-sea surface temperature feedback in the tropical Indian Ocean and the underlying mechanisms

doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1950-8
Funds:  The National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract Nos 41976021, 41676020, 41876028 and 41876030; the Taishan Scholars Programs of Shandong Province under contract Nos tsqn201909165 and ts20190963; the Global Change and Air-Sea Interaction Program under contract No. GASI-04-QYQH-03.
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  • Corresponding author: Email: ssun@fio.org.cn
  • Received Date: 2021-05-05
  • Accepted Date: 2021-08-06
  • Available Online: 2021-11-23
  • Publish Date: 2021-11-30
  • The thermocline-sea surface temperature (SST) feedback is the most important component of the Bjerknes feedback, which plays an important role in the development of the air-sea coupling modes of the Indian Ocean. The thermocline-SST feedback in the Indian Ocean has experienced significant decadal variations over the last 40 a. The feedback intensified in the late twentieth century and then weakened during the hiatus in global warming at the early twenty-first century. The thermocline-SST feedback is most prominent in the southeastern and southwestern Indian Ocean. Although the decadal variations of feedback are similar in these two regions, there are still differences in the underlying mechanisms. The decadal variations of feedback in the southeastern Indian Ocean are dominated by variations in the depth of the thermocline, which are modulated by equatorial zonal wind anomalies. Whereas the decadal variation of feedback in the southwestern Indian Ocean is mainly controlled by the intensity of upwelling and thermocline depth in winter and spring, respectively. The upwelling and thermocline depth are both affected by wind stress curl anomalies over the southeastern Indian Ocean, which excite anomalous Ekman pumping and influence the southwestern Indian Ocean through westward propagating Rossby waves.
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