Volume 42 Issue 5
May  2023
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Hui Teng, Yun Qiu, Xinyu Lin, Xiwu Zhou. Characteristics and mechanisms of the intraseasonal variability of sea surface salinity in the southeastern Arabian Sea during 2015–2020[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2023, 42(5): 25-34. doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-2074-5
Citation: Hui Teng, Yun Qiu, Xinyu Lin, Xiwu Zhou. Characteristics and mechanisms of the intraseasonal variability of sea surface salinity in the southeastern Arabian Sea during 2015–2020[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2023, 42(5): 25-34. doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-2074-5

Characteristics and mechanisms of the intraseasonal variability of sea surface salinity in the southeastern Arabian Sea during 2015–2020

doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-2074-5
Funds:  The National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract No. 42130406; the Scientific Research Foundation of Third Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources under contract Nos 2022027 and 2018030; the Asian Countries Maritime Cooperation Fund under contract No. 99950410; the Global Change and Air-Sea InteractionⅡunder contract No. GASI-04-WLHY-01.
More Information
  • Corresponding author: Yun Qiu, E-mail: qiuyun@tio.org.cn
  • Received Date: 2022-04-05
  • Accepted Date: 2022-05-16
  • Available Online: 2023-03-20
  • Publish Date: 2023-05-25
  • Based on Soil Moisture Active Passive sea surface salinity (SSS) data from April 2015 to August 2020, combined with Objectively Analyzed Air-Sea Heat Flux and other observational data and Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM) data, this work explores the characteristics and mechanisms of the intraseasonal variability of SSS in the southeastern Arabian Sea (SEAS). The results show that the intraseasonal variability of SSS in the SEAS is very significant, especially the strongest intraseasonal signal in SSS, which is located along the northeast monsoon current (NMC) path south of the Indian Peninsula. There are remarkable seasonal differences in intraseasonal SSS variability, which is very weak in spring and summer and much stronger in autumn and winter. This strong intraseasonal variability in autumn and winter is closely related to the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) event during this period. The northeast wind anomaly in the Bay of Bengal (BOB) associated with the active MJO phase strengthens the East India Coastal Current and NMC and consequently induces more BOB low-salinity water to enter the SEAS, causing strong SSS fluctuations. In addition, MJO-related precipitation further amplifies the intraseasonal variability of SSS in SEAS. Based on budget analysis of the mixed layer salinity using HYCOM data, it is shown that horizontal salinity advection (especially zonal advection) dominates the intraseasonal variability of mixed layer salinity and that surface freshwater flux has a secondary role.
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