Volume 40 Issue 3
Apr.  2021
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Article Contents
Wenyan Sui, Junru Guo, Jun Song, Zhiliang Liu, Meng Wang, Xibin Li, Yanzhao Fu, Yongquan Li, Yu Cai, Linhui Wang, Lingli Li, Xiaofang Guo, Wenting Zuo. The construction of high precision geostrophic currents based on new gravity models of GOCE and satellite altimetry data[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2021, 40(3): 142-152. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1707-4
Citation: Wenyan Sui, Junru Guo, Jun Song, Zhiliang Liu, Meng Wang, Xibin Li, Yanzhao Fu, Yongquan Li, Yu Cai, Linhui Wang, Lingli Li, Xiaofang Guo, Wenting Zuo. The construction of high precision geostrophic currents based on new gravity models of GOCE and satellite altimetry data[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2021, 40(3): 142-152. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1707-4

The construction of high precision geostrophic currents based on new gravity models of GOCE and satellite altimetry data

doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1707-4
Funds:  The Open Fund of Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Information Technology; the Open Foundation of Technology Innovation Center for Marine Information, Ministry of Natural Resources; the Liao Ning Revitalization Talents Program under contract No. XLYC1807161; the Dalian High-level Talents Innovation Support Plan under contract No. 2017RQ063; the National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract Nos 41206013 and 41430963; the Scientific Research Project of Liaoning Province Department of Education under contract No. QL201905; the Projects of Institute of Marine Industry Technology of Liaoning Universities; the grant from Key R&D Program of Liaoning Province under contract No. 2019JH2/10200015; the Key Special Project for Introduced Talents Team of Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou) under contract No. GML2019ZD0402; the Shandong Provincial Key Research and Development Program (SPKR&DP) under contract No. 2019JZZY020713.
More Information
  • Corresponding author: E-mail: songjun2017@dlou.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 2020-04-09
  • Accepted Date: 2020-06-03
  • Available Online: 2021-04-30
  • Publish Date: 2021-04-30
  • The new gravity field models of gravity field and steady-state ocean circulation explorer (GOCE), TIM_R6 and DIR_R6, were released by the European Space Agency (ESA) in June 2019. The sixth generation of gravity models have the highest possible signal and lowest error levels compared with other GOCE-only gravity models, and the accuracy is significantly improved. This is an opportunity to build high precision geostrophic currents. The mean dynamic topography and geostrophic currents have been calculated by the 5th (TIM_R5 and DIR_R5), 6th (TIM_R6 and DIR_R6) release of GOCE gravity field models and ITSG-Grace2018 of GRACE gravity field model in this study. By comparison with the drifter results, the optimal filtering lengths of them have been obtained (for DIR_R5, DIR_R6, TIM_R5 and TIM_R6 models are 1° and for ITSG-Grace2018 model is 1.1°). The filtered results show that the geostrophic currents obtained by the GOCE gravity field models can better reflect detailed characteristics of ocean currents. The total geostrophic speed based on the TIM_R6 model is similar to the result of the DIR_R6 model with standard deviation (STD) of 0.320 m/s and 0.321 m/s, respectively. The STD of the total velocities are 0.333 m/s and 0.325 m/s for DIR_R5 and TIM_R5. When compared with ITSG-Grace2018 results, the STD (0.344 m/s) of total geostrophic speeds is larger than GOCE results, and the accuracy of geostrophic currents obtained by ITSG-Grace2018 is lower. And the absolute errors are mainly distributed in the areas with faster speeds, such as the Antarctic circumpolar circulation, equatorial region, Kuroshio and Gulf Stream areas. After the remove-restore technique was applied to TIM_R6 MDT, the STD of total geostrophic speeds dropped to 0.162 m/s.
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