Volume 40 Issue 2
Apr.  2021
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Guangzeng Song, Zengxue Li, Haizhang Yang, Dongdong Wang, Ying Chen, Rui Sun. Control effects of the synsedimentary faults on the basin-marginal fans in the central part of the deep-water area of early Oligocene Qiongdongnan Basin, South China Sea[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2021, 40(2): 54-64. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1749-7
Citation: Guangzeng Song, Zengxue Li, Haizhang Yang, Dongdong Wang, Ying Chen, Rui Sun. Control effects of the synsedimentary faults on the basin-marginal fans in the central part of the deep-water area of early Oligocene Qiongdongnan Basin, South China Sea[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2021, 40(2): 54-64. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1749-7

Control effects of the synsedimentary faults on the basin-marginal fans in the central part of the deep-water area of early Oligocene Qiongdongnan Basin, South China Sea

doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1749-7
Funds:  The National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract Nos 41872172, 41672096 and 41702114; the Major National Science and Technology Projects under contract No. 2016ZX05026007-004; the Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province under contract No. ZR2019QD008; the Natural Science Foundation of Guizhou Province under contract No. 20191148.
More Information
  • Corresponding author: E-mail: songguangzeng2006@163.com
  • Received Date: 2019-08-26
  • Accepted Date: 2020-03-30
  • Available Online: 2021-04-02
  • Publish Date: 2021-04-02
  • The synsedimentary faults and basin-marginal fans located in the central part of the deep-water area of the early Oligocene Qiongdongnan Basin have been investigated using seismic profiles, boreholes, and well-log data. Through the formations of the characterized paleogeomorphology, such as transverse anticlines, fault ditches, and step-fault belts, the synsedimentary faults are known to have controlled the development position, distribution direction, and extension scales of the basin-marginal fans. For example, at the pitching ends of two adjacent faults, transverse anticlines developed, which controlled the development positions and distributions of the fans. During the early Oligocene, the faults controlled the subsidence center, and fault ditches were formed at the roots of the faults. In the surrounding salient or low salient areas, which were exposed as provenance areas during early Oligocene, the fault ditches acted as the source channels and determined the flow paths of the clastics, where incised valley fills were obviously developed. The fault ditches which developed in the sedimentary basins were able to capture the drainage systems and influenced the distributions of the fans. The large boundary faults and the secondary faults generated two fault terraces and formed step-fault belts. The first fault terrace caused the clastics to be unloaded. As a result, fans were formed at the entrance to the basin. Then, the second fault terrace caused the fans to move forward, with the fans developing in a larger extension scale. The results obtained in this study will potentially be beneficial in the future prospecting activities for reservoirs and coal-measure source rocks in the basins located in the deep-water areas of the South China Sea.
  • loading
  • [1]
    Athmer W, Luthi S M. 2011. The effect of relay ramps on sediment routes and deposition: A review. Sedimentary Geology, 242(1–4): 1–17
    Hou Yuguang, He Sheng, Ni Jun’e, et al. 2012. Tectono-sequence stratigraphic analysis on Paleogene Shahejie Formation in the Banqiao sub-basin, Eastern China. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 36(1): 100–117. doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2012.06.001
    Howell J A, Flint S S. 1996. A model for high resolution sequence stratigraphy within extensional basins. In: Howell J A, Aitken J F, eds. High Resolution Sequence Stratigraphy: Innovations and Applications. Geological Society, 104(1): 129–137
    Jolley D W, Morton A C. 2007. Understanding basin sedimentary provenance: evidence from allied phytogeographic and heavy mineral analysis of the Palaeocene of the NE Atlantic. Journal of the Geological Society, 164(3): 553–563. doi: 10.1144/0016-76492005-187
    Lei Chao, Alves T M, Ren Jianye, et al. 2019. Depositional architecture and structural evolution of a region immediately inboard of the locus of continental breakup (Liwan Sub-basin, South China Sea). GSA Bulletin, 131(7–8): 1059–1074. doi: 10.1130/B35001.1
    Lei Chao, Ren Jianye. 2016. Hyper-extended rift systems in the Xisha Trough, northwestern South China Sea: Implications for extreme crustal thinning ahead of a propagating ocean. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 77: 846–864. doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2016.07.022
    Lei Chao, Ren Jianye, Pang Xiong, et al. 2018. Continental rifting and sediment infill in the distal part of the northern South China Sea in the Western Pacific region: Challenge on the present-day models for the passive margins. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 93: 166–181. doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2018.02.020
    Li Wei, Dong Yunpeng, Guo Anlin, et al. 2013a. Chronology and tectonic significance of Cenozoic faults in the Liupanshan Arcuate Tectonic Belt at the northeastern margin of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 73: 103–113. doi: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2013.04.026
    Li Xue, Zhang Jinliang, Xie Jun, et al. 2015. Sedimentary and sequence-stratigraphic characteristics of the lower second submember, Shahejie formation, M1 block, Wenmingzhai oilfield, Dongpu depression, China. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 8(8): 5397–5406. doi: 10.1007/s12517-014-1579-4
    Li Xue, Zhang Jinliang, Yuan Yong, et al. 2013b. Sequence stratigraphic analysis and integrated 3D geological modeling of M1 block, Wenmingzhai oilfield, Dongpu depression, China. Central European Journal of Geosciences, 5(3): 374–386
    Li Zengxue, He Yuping, Liu Haiyan, et al. 2010. Sedimentology characteristics and coal forming models in Yacheng Formation of Qiongdongnan Basin. Acta Petrolei Sinica (in Chinese), 31(4): 542–547
    Li Zengxue, Wang Dongdong, Lv Dawei, et al. 2018. The geologic settings of Chinese coal deposits. International Geology Review, 60(5–6): 548–578
    Liao Jihua, Wang Hua, Lv Ming, et al. 2016. Evolution of syndepositional faulting and its controlling effect on sedimentary filling in Songnan-Baodao sag of Qiongdongnan basin, South China Sea. Journal of China University of Mining & Technology (in Chinese), 45(2): 336–346
    Lin Changsong, Zheng Herong, Ren Jianye, et al. 2004. The control of syndepositional faulting on the Eogene sedimentary basin fills of the Dongying and Zhanhua Sags, Bohai Bay Basin. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 47(9): 769–782. doi: 10.1360/03yd0203
    Lin Haitao, Ren Jianye, Lei Chao, et al. 2010. Tectonic transfer zone of No.2 Fault and its controls on sandbody distribution in the Qiongdongnan Basin. Geotectonica et Metallogenia, 34(3): 308–316
    Liu Entao, Wang Hua, Li Yuan, et al. 2015. Relative role of accommodation zones in controlling stratal architectural variability and facies distribution: Insights from the Fushan Depression, South China Sea. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 68: 219–239. doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2015.08.027
    Loucks R G, Ruppel S C. 2007. Mississippian Barnett Shale: Lithofacies and Depositional setting of a deep-water shale-gas succession in the Fort Worth Basin, Texas. AAPG Bulletin, 91(4): 579–601. doi: 10.1306/11020606059
    Lv Dawei, Chen Jitao. 2014. Depositional environments and sequence stratigraphy of the Late Carboniferous−Early Permian coal-bearing successions (Shandong Province, China): Sequence development in an epicontinental basin. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 79: 16–30. doi: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2013.09.003
    Lv Dawei, Chen Jitao, Li Zengxue, et al. 2014. Controlling factors, accumulation model and target zone prediction of the coal-bed methane in the Huanghebei Coalfield, North China. Resource Geology, 64(4): 332–345. doi: 10.1111/rge.12044
    Lv Dawei, Li Zengxue, Wang Dongdong, et al. 2019. Sedimentary model of coal and shale in the Paleogene Lijiaya formation of the Huangxian Basin: Insight from Petrological and geochemical characteristics of coal and shale. Energy & Fuels, 33(11): 10442
    Lv Dawei, Song Ying, Shi Longqing, et al. 2020. The complex transgression and regression history of the northern margin of the Palaeogene Tarim Sea (NW China), and implications for potential hydrocarbon occurrences. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 112: 104041. doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2019.104041
    Posamentier H W, Jervey M T, Vail P R. 1988. Eustatic controls on clastic deposition I—Conceptual framework. In: Wilgus C K, Hastings B S, Posamentier H, et al, eds. Sea-Level Changes: An Integrated Approach. Houston: SEPM, 109–124
    Qi Jiafu. 2007. Structural transfer zones and significance for hydrocarbon accumulation in rifting basins. Marine Origin Petroleum Geology (in Chinese), 12(4): 43–50
    Ravnås R, Steel R J. 1998. Architecture of marine Rift-Basin successions. AAPG Bulletin, 82(1): 110–146
    Song Guangzeng, Wang Hua, Gan Huajun, et al. 2014. Paleogene tectonic evolution controls on sequence stratigraphic patterns in the central part of deepwater area of Qiongdongnan Basin, northern South China Sea. Journal of Earth Science, 25(2): 275–288. doi: 10.1007/s12583-014-0433-7
    Song Guangzeng, Wang Hua, Wang Zhenfeng, et al. 2020. Sequence stratigraphic architectures and responses to syndepositional tectonic evolution in the Paleogene Lingshui Sag, Qiongdongnan Basin, northwestern South China Sea. International Geology Review, 62(7–8): 1036–1056. doi: 10.1080/00206814.2019.1579675
    Sun Qiliang, Wu Shiguo, Lü Fuliang, et al. 2010. Polygonal faults and their implications for hydrocarbon reservoirs in the southern Qiongdongnan Basin, South China Sea. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 39(5): 470–479. doi: 10.1016/j.jseaes.2010.04.002
    Vail P R, Mitchum R M, Thompson S. 1977. Global cycles of relative changes of sea level. In: Payton C E, ed. Seismic Stratigraphy: Application to Hydrocarbon Exploration. Tulsa: AAPG Memoir, 26: 99–116
    Wang Dongdong, Shao Longyi, Li Zhixue, et al. 2016. Hydrocarbon generation characteristics, reserving performance and preservation conditions of continental coal measure shale gas: A case study of Mid-Jurassic shale gas in the Yan’an Formation, Ordos Basin. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 145: 609–628. doi: 10.1016/j.petrol.2016.06.031
    Wang Jiahao, Wang Hua, Ren Jianye, et al. 2010. A great oblique transition zone in the central Huanghua Depression and its significance for petroleum exploration. Acta Petrolei Sinica (in Chinese), 31(3): 355–360
    Yang Renchao, Jin Zhijun, van Loon A J, et al. 2017. Climatic and tectonic controls of lacustrine hyperpycnite origination in the Late Triassic Ordos Basin, central China: Implications for unconventional petroleum development. AAPG Bulletin, 101(1): 95–117. doi: 10.1306/06101615095
    Zhang Gongcheng. 2010. Tectonic evolution of deepwater area of northern continental margin in South China Sea. Acta Petrolei Sinica (in Chinese), 31(4): 528–533, 541
    Zhang Gongcheng, Mi Lijun, Wu Shiguo, et al. 2007. Deepwater area—the new prospecting targets of northern continental margin of South China Sea. Acta Petrolei Sinica (in Chinese), 28(2): 15–21
    Zhang Gongcheng, Qu Hongjun, Liu Shixiang, et al. 2015. Tectonic cycle of marginal sea controlled the hydrocarbon accumulation in deep-water areas of South China Sea. Acta Petrolei Sinica (in Chinese), 36(5): 533–545
    Zhang Jinliang, Liu Shasha, Li Jingzhe, et al. 2017. Identification of sedimentary facies with well logs: an indirect approach with multinomial logistic regression and artificial neural network. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 10(11): 247. doi: 10.1007/s12517-017-3045-6
    Zhao Zhongxian, Sun Zhen, Sun Longtao, et al. 2018. Cenozoic tectonic subsidence in the Qiongdongnan Basin, northern South China Sea. Basin Research, 30(S1): 269–288
    Zhao Zhongxian, Sun Zhen, Wang Zhenfeng, et al. 2015a. The high resolution sedimentary filling in Qiongdongnan Basin, northern South China Sea. Marine Geology, 361: 11–24. doi: 10.1016/j.margeo.2015.01.002
    Zhao Zhongxian, Sun Zhen, Wang Zhenfeng, et al. 2015b. The mechanics of continental extension in Qiongdongnan Basin, northern South China Sea. Marine Geophysical Research, 36(2–3): 197–210
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索


    Article Metrics

    Article views (69) PDF downloads(11) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint