Volume 41 Issue 10
Oct.  2022
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Shicheng Lin, Jianwei Niu, Guangping Liu, Xing Wei, Shuqun Cai. Variations of suspended sediment transport caused by changes in shoreline and bathymetry in the Zhujiang (Pearl) River Estuary in the wet season[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2022, 41(10): 54-73. doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-2017-1
Citation: Shicheng Lin, Jianwei Niu, Guangping Liu, Xing Wei, Shuqun Cai. Variations of suspended sediment transport caused by changes in shoreline and bathymetry in the Zhujiang (Pearl) River Estuary in the wet season[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2022, 41(10): 54-73. doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-2017-1

Variations of suspended sediment transport caused by changes in shoreline and bathymetry in the Zhujiang (Pearl) River Estuary in the wet season

doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-2017-1
Funds:  The National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract No. 41890851; the Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, under contract No. QYZDJ-SSW-DQC034; the Key Special Project for Introduced Talents Team of Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory (Guangzhou) under contract No. GML2019ZD0304; the fund of Chinese Academy of Sciences under contract No. ISEE2021PY01; the project of Department of Natural Resources of Guangdong Province under contract No. [2020]017.
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  • Corresponding author: E-mail: jwniu@scsio.ac.cncaisq@scsio.ac.cn
  • Received Date: 2022-01-06
  • Accepted Date: 2022-03-14
  • Available Online: 2022-08-22
  • Publish Date: 2022-10-27
  • A wave-current-sediment coupled numerical model is employed to study the responses of suspended sediment transport in the wet season to changes in shoreline and bathymetry in the Zhujiang (Pearl) River Estuary (ZRE) from 1971 to 2012. It is shown that, during the wavy period, the large wave-induced bottom stress enhances sediment resuspension, resulting in an increase in the area of suspended sediment concentration (SSC) greater than 100 mg/L by 183.4%. On one hand, in spring tide, the change in shoreline reduces the area of SSC greater than 100 mg/L by 17.8% in the west shoal (WS) but increases the SSC, owing to the closer sediment source to the offshore and the stronger residual current at the Hengmeng (HEM) and Hongqili (HQL) outlets. The eastward Eulerian transport is enhanced in the WS and west channel (WC), resulting in a higher SSC there. The reclamation of Longxue Island (LXI) increases SSC on its east side and east shoal (ES) but decreases the SSC on its west and south sides. Moreover, in the WC, the estuarine turbidity maximum (ETM) is located near the saltwater wedge and moves southward, which is caused by the southward movement of the maximum longitudinal Eulerian transport. In neap tide, the changes are similar but relatively weaker. On the other hand, in spring tide, the change in bathymetry makes the SSC in the WS increase, and the area of SSC greater than 100 mg/L increases by 11.4% and expands eastward and southward, which is caused by the increases in wave-induced bottom stress and eastward Eulerian transport. On the east side of the WC, the eastward Eulerian transport decreases significantly, resulting in a smaller SSC in the middle shoal (MS). In addition, in the WC, the maximum SSC is reduced, which is caused by the smaller wave-induced bottom stress and a significant increase of 109.88% in southward Eulerian transport. The results in neap tide are similar to those in spring tide but with smaller changes, and the sediment transports northward in the WC owing to the northward Eulerian transport and vertical shear transport. This study may provide some references for marine ecological environment security and coastal management in the ZRE and other estuaries worldwide affected by strong human interventions.
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