Volume 42 Issue 3
Mar.  2023
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Tao He, Wanyin Wang, Zhizhao Bai, Xingang Luo, Jing Ma, Yimi Zhang. Integrated gravity and magnetic study on patterns of petroleum basin occurrence in the China seas and adjacent areas[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2023, 42(3): 201-214. doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-2139-5
Citation: Tao He, Wanyin Wang, Zhizhao Bai, Xingang Luo, Jing Ma, Yimi Zhang. Integrated gravity and magnetic study on patterns of petroleum basin occurrence in the China seas and adjacent areas[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2023, 42(3): 201-214. doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-2139-5

Integrated gravity and magnetic study on patterns of petroleum basin occurrence in the China seas and adjacent areas

doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-2139-5
Funds:  The Scientific and Technological Project of CNOOC Research Institute Co., Ltd., under contract No. CCL2021RCPS0167KQN.
More Information
  • Corresponding author: E-mail: wwy7902@chd.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 2022-02-08
  • Accepted Date: 2022-12-19
  • Available Online: 2023-02-13
  • Publish Date: 2023-03-25
  • The China seas and adjacent areas contain numerous petroleum basins. One of the main challenges for future oil and gas exploration is to identify the inherent patterns of petroleum basin distribution. The formation and evolution of petroleum basins along with the migration and accumulation of oil and gas are often closely related to the tectonic environment. The gravity and magnetic fields with high lateral resolution and wide coverage provide important data for regional tectonic research. Based on the gravity data in the Global Satellite Gravity Anomaly Database (V31.1) and magnetic data from the Earth Magnetic Anomaly Grid (2-arc-minute resolution) (V2), this study uses integrated gravity and magnetic field technique to obtain integrated gravity and magnetic field result for the China seas and adjacent areas, and then adopts the normalized vertical derivative of the total horizontal derivative technique to conduct partition. Finally, it identifies the relationship between the partition characteristics and tectonics as well as the patterns of petroleum basin occurrence. The research shows that the partition of gravity and magnetic field integrated result has a good correlation with the Neo-Cathaysian tectonic system and tectonic units. The petroleum basins are characterized according to three blocks arranged from north to south and four zones arranged from east to west. The north−south block structure causes the uneven distribution of oil and gas resources in the mainland area and the differences in the hydrocarbon-bearing strata. Petroleum basins are more abundant in the north than in the south. The ages of the main oil- and gas-bearing strata are “Paleozoic–Mesozoic, Paleozoic–Mesozoic–Cenozoic, and Paleozoic–Mesozoic”, in order from north to south. The difference in the overall type of oil and gas resources in all basins is controlled by the east–west zonation. From east to west, the oil and gas resource type exhibits a wave-like pattern of “oil and gas, gas, oil and gas, gas”. The vertical distribution is characterized by an upper oil (Mesozoic–Cenozoic) and lower gas (Mesozoic–Paleozoic) structure. Within the study area, the Paleozoic marine strata should be the main strata of future natural gas exploration.
  • loading
  • Bird P. 2003. An updated digital model of plate boundaries. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 4(3): 1027
    Chen Jingyang, Cai Wenjie, Zhang Yang, et al. 2017. Geological characteristics and accumulation model of the Russia petroleum basin. Geological Science and Technology Information (in Chinese), 36(5): 76–84
    Dobslaw H, Bergmann-Wolf I, Dill R, et al. 2017. A new high-resolution model of non-tidal atmosphere and ocean mass variability for de-aliasing of satellite gravity observations: AOD1B RL06. Geophysical Journal International, 211(1): 263–269. doi: 10.1093/gji/ggx302
    Guo Zhanqian. 2003. On structural framework evolution of China’s petroliferous basins. Xinjiang Petroleum Geology (in Chinese), 24(1): 8–12
    Guo Xingwei, Zhang Xunhua, Wen Zhenhe, et al. 2014. Compilation of the tectonic framework map of China seas and land and adjacent regions. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 57(12): 4005–4015
    Hao Tianyao, Liu Yike, Duan Chang. 1997. The characteristic of geophysical field in the east China and adjacent regions and its tectonics significance. Acta Geophysica Sinica (in Chinese), 40(5): 677–690
    He Dengfa, Li Desheng, Tong Xiaoguang, et al. 2021. Integrated 3D hydrocarbon exploration in sedimentary basins of China. Oil & Gas Geology (in Chinese), 42(2): 265–284
    He Dengfa, Ma Yongsheng, Liu Bo, et al. 2019. Main advances and key issues for deep-seated exploration in petroliferous basins in China. Earth Science Frontiers (in Chinese), 26(1): 1–12
    He Tao, Xiong Shengqing, Wang Wanyin. 2022. Three-dimensional transformation of magnetization direction and magnetic field component at low latitudes based on vertical relationship. Applied Geophysics, 19(1): 91–106. doi: 10.1007/s11770-022-0928-4
    Kang Yuzhu, Ling Xiang, Chen Xinhua. 2013. Petroleum control patterns by structural systems. Xinjiang Petroleum Geology (in Chinese), 34(4): 375–377
    Kang Yuzhu, Xing Shuwen, Li Huijun, et al. 2019. Features of structural systems in northern China and its control on basin and hydrocarbon distribution. Journal of Geomechanics (in Chinese), 25(6): 1013–1024
    Lei Shoumin. 1984. Calculation of generalized topographic and isostatic gravity corrections. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology (in Chinese), 4(1): 101–111
    Li Desheng. 1982. Tectonic types of oil and gas basins in China. Acta Petrolei Sinica (in Chinese), (3): 1–12
    Li Siguang. 1973. Introduction to Geomechanics (in Chinese). Beijing: Science Press, 39–44
    Li Guoyu, Lv Minggang. 2002. Atlas of China’s Petroliferous Basins (in Chinese). Beijing: Petroleum Industry Press
    Liang Shengzheng, Ren Tiekou, Zeng Xianyun, et al. 2005. Exploration direction and target of natural gas in the Bohaiwan basin. Petroleum Geology & Experiment (in Chinese), 27(6): 565–569
    Liu Guangding. 1990. Tectonic evolution of China Seas. Oil & Gas Geology (in Chinese), 11(1): 23–29
    Liu Guangding. 2007. Geophysical fields and hydrocarbon resources of China seas. Progress in Geophysics (in Chinese), 22(4): 1229–1237
    Liu Guangding, Hao Tianyao, Liu Yike. 1996. The significance of gravity and magnetic research for knowing sedimentary basins. Progress in Geophysics (in Chinese), 11(2): 1–15
    Liu Yunwu, Tang Zhenguo, Liu Wenlong. 2006. Evolutional characteristics of Sanjiang Basin and direction of hydrocarbon exploration. Journal of Oil and Gas Technology (in Chinese), 28(2): 1–5
    Liu Fen, Wang Wanyin, Ji Xiaolin. 2019. Influence factors and stability analysis of plane potential field continuation in space and frequency domains. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration (in Chinese), 43(2): 320–328
    Lu Baoliang, Ma Tao, Xiong Shengqing, et al. 2020. A new recognition method for source locations and attributes based on correlation analysis of gravity and magnetic anomalies. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 63(4): 1663–1674
    Luo Zhili. 1998. Distribution and outlook for oil/gas exploration of petroliferous basin in China. Xinjiang Petroleum Geology (in Chinese), 19(6): 441–449
    Ma Liqiao, Dong Yong, Tu Xiaolong, et al. 2007. Petroleum prospect of marine sequences in South China. Acta Petrolei Sinica (in Chinese), 28(3): 1–7
    Ma Jie, Wang Wanyin, Du Xiangdong, et al. 2021. Study on system of faults in the Gulf of Mexico and adjacent region based on gravity data. Acta Geologica Sinica-English Edition, 95(1): 305–318. doi: 10.1111/1755-6724.14643
    Mao Shuwei, Bao Zhidong, Tian Zuoji, et al. 2017. Characteristics of petroleum geology and play of petroliferous basins in Japan. China Petroleum Exploration (in Chinese), 22(2): 74–83
    Martín-Español A, Zammit-Mangion A, Clarke P J, et al. 2016. Spatial and temporal Antarctic Ice Sheet mass trends, glacio-isostatic adjustment, and surface processes from a joint inversion of satellite altimeter, gravity, and GPS data. Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 121(2): 182–200. doi: 10.1002/2015JF003550
    Maus S, Barckhausen U, Berkenbosch H, et al. 2009. EMAG2: A 2–arc min resolution Earth Magnetic Anomaly Grid compiled from satellite, airborne, and marine magnetic measurements. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 10(8): Q08005
    Pamuk E. 2019. Investigating edge detection, Curie point depth, and heat flow using EMAG2 magnetic and EGM08 gravity data in the northern part of Eastern Anatolia, Turkey. Turkish Journal of Earth Sciences, 28(6): 805–821
    Pan Guitang, Lu Songnian, Xiao Qinghui, et al. 2016. Division of tectonic stages and tectonic evolution in China. Earth Science Frontiers (in Chinese), 23(6): 1–23
    Ponomarev A A, Alexandrov V M, Kobylinskiy D A, et al. 2022. A new set of search criteria for oil deposits in oil-bearing sediments based on geochemical and geophysical information. Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering, 208: 109794. doi: 10.1016/j.petrol.2021.109794
    Qiao Dewu, Ren Shoumai, Qiu Haijun, et al. 2011. The present situation of oil & gas resources exploration and strategic selection of potential area in China. Geological Bulletin of China (in Chinese), 30(2/3): 187–196
    Qu Guosheng, Wang Shengzu. 1997. Aerial magnetic anomaly-tectonic interpretations in mainland continentinent and their adjacent seas of China. Scientia Geologica Sinica (in Chinese), 32(4): 455–464
    Ren Jishun, Deng Ping, Xiao Liwei, et al. 2006. Petroliferous provinces in China and the world: A comparison from tectonic point of view. Acta Geologica Sinica (in Chinese), 80(10): 1491–1500
    Sandwell D T, Harper H, Tozer B, et al. 2021. Gravity field recovery from geodetic altimeter missions. Advances in Space Research, 68(2): 1059–1072. doi: 10.1016/j.asr.2019.09.011
    Teng Jiwen. 2001. The exchange of substance and energy, different sphere coupling and deep dynamical process within the earth. Earth Science Frontiers (in Chinese), 8(3): 1–8
    Wang Chengwen, Ma Zhihong, Sun Yuewu, et al. 2008. Late Paleozoic marine strata: a new layer for oil-gas exploration in Northeast China. Global Geology (in Chinese), 27(2): 113–118
    Wang Wanyin, Pan Yu, Qiu Zhiyun. 2009. A new edge recognition technology based on the normalized vertical derivative of the total horizontal derivative for potential field data. Applied Geophysics, 6(3): 226–233. doi: 10.1007/s11770-009-0026-x
    Wu Shiguo, Fan Jianke, Dong Dongdong. 2013. Discussion on the tectonic division of the Philippine Sea Plate. Chinese Journal of Geology (in Chinese), 48(3): 677–692
    Xie Yuhong, Gao Yangdong. 2020. Recent domestic exploration progress and direction of CNOOC. China Petroleum Exploration (in Chinese), 25(1): 20–30
    Xiong Shengqing, Yang Hai, Ding Yanyun, et al. 2018. Subdivision of tectonic units in China based on aeromagnetic data. Geology in China (in Chinese), 45(4): 658–680
    Yang Qi, Chen Hongyu. 2003. Tectonic evolution of the North Jiangsu-South Yellow Sea Basin. Petroleum Geology & Experiment (in Chinese), 25(S1): 562–565
    Yang Hua, Liang Yueming. 2013. Nationwide aeromagnetic ΔT anomalies and China’s geoscience block structures. Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration (in Chinese), 37(6): 957–967
    Yang Min, Wang Wanyin, Zhang Gongcheng, et al. 2021. Relationship between the extent of igneous rocks and deep structures as determined by gravitational and magnetic data in the South China Sea. Acta Geologica Sinica-English Edition, 95(1): 294–304. doi: 10.1111/1755-6724.14642
    Yang Jinyu, Zhang Xunhua, Zhang Feifei, et al. 2014. Preparation of the free-air gravity anomaly map in the land and seas of China and adjacent areas using multi-source gravity data and interpretation of the gravity field. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 57(12): 3920–3931
    Yin Hang, Zhou Jianxin, Zhang Yongjun, et al. 2015. Subdivision and fault identification of the magnetic anomaly map of China mainland, offshore and adjacent areas. Progress in Geophysics (in Chinese), 30(4): 1526–1534
    Zhang Kai. 2004. Chuxiong Basin—A promising oil-gas production base in the future in West China. Xinjiang Petroleum Geology (in Chinese), 25(5): 463–467
    Zhang Jianzhong, Dai Yun, Jin Yisheng. 1999a. The relationship between residual gravity anomaly and tectonics in continental area of China. Computing Techniques for Geophysical and Geochemical Exploration (in Chinese), 21(4): 333–337
    Zhang Xunhua, Guo Xingwei, Yang Jinyu, et al. 2010a. Gravity characteristics and preliminary division of tectonic units in China and adjacent areas. Geology in China (in Chinese), 37(4): 881–887
    Zhang Gongcheng, Jia Qingjun, Wang Wanyin, et al. 2018a. On tectonic framework and evolution of the South China Sea. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 61(10): 4194–4215
    Zhang Jiasheng, Lao Qiuyuan, Li Yan. 1999b. Tectonic implication of aeromagnetic anomaly and evolution of Huabei-South Tarim-Yangtze super and mass. Earth Science Frontiers (in Chinese), 6(4): 379–390
    Zhang Zhongmin, Long Shengxiang, Xu Limin. 2008. Exploration prospects of Palaeozoic Natural Gas in Subei Basin. Natural Gas Geoscience (in Chinese), 19(3): 347–350
    Zhang Xunhua, Meng Xiangjun, Han Bo. 2009. Block and block tectonics. Marine Geology & Quaternary Geology (in Chinese), 29(5): 59–64
    Zhang Gongcheng, Mi Lijun, Wu Shiguo, et al. 2007. Deepwater area-the new prospecting targets of northern continental margin of South China Sea. Acta Petrolei Sinica (in Chinese), 28(2): 15–21
    Zhang Minghua, Qiao Jihua, Lei Shoumin, et al. 2015a. Bouguer anomaly compilation study of China and the adjacent regions. Progress in Geophysics (in Chinese), 30(3): 1085–1091
    Zhang Gongcheng, Qu Hongjun, Liu Shixiang, et al. 2015b. Tectonic cycle of marginal sea controlled the hydrocarbon accumulation in deep-water areas of South China Sea. Acta Petrolei Sinica (in Chinese), 36(5): 533–545
    Zhang Gongcheng, Xie Xiaojun, Wang Wanyin, et al. 2013. Tectonic types of petroliferous basins and its exploration potential in the South China Sea. Acta Petrolei Sinica (in Chinese), 34(4): 611–627
    Zhang Junfeng, Xu Hao, Zhao Junlong, et al. 2018b. Geological characteristics and exploration potential of oil and gas in the northeast area of China. Geology in China (in Chinese), 45(2): 260–273
    Zhang Gongcheng, Yang Haichang, Chen Ying, et al. 2014. The Baiyun Sag: A giant rich gas-generation sag in the deep water area of the Pearl River Mouth Basin. Natural Gas Industry (in Chinese), 34(11): 11–25
    Zhang Yong, Yao Yongjian, Li Xuejie, et al. 2020. Tectonic evolution and resource-environmental effect of China Seas and adjacent areas under the multisphere geodynamic system of the East Asia ocean-continent convergent belt since Mesozoic. Geology in China (in Chinese), 47(5): 1271–1309
    Zhang Shuichang, Zhu Guangyou. 2008. Natural gas origins of large and medium-scale gas fields in China sedimentary basins. Science in China Series D: Earth Sciences, 51(S1): 1–13. doi: 10.1007/s11430-008-5013-1
    Zhang Gongcheng, Zhu Weilin, Mi Lijun, et al. 2010b. The theory of hydrocarbon genernation controlled by source rock and heat from circle distribution of outside-oil fields and inside-gas fields in South China Sea. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica (in Chinese), 28(5): 987–1005
    Zhu Weilin, Mi Lijun, et al. 2010. Altas of Oil and Gas Basins, China Sea (in Chinese). Beijing: Petroleum Industry Press, 46–92
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(14)  / Tables(1)

    Article Metrics

    Article views (595) PDF downloads(58) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint